Table of contents

Chapter 1: Classification of AI Systems as High-Risk

Article 6: Classification Rules for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 7: Amendments to Annex III

Chapter 2: Requirements for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 8: Compliance with the Requirements

Article 9: Risk Management System

Article 10: Data and Data Governance

Article 11: Technical Documentation

Article 12: Record-Keeping

Article 13: Transparency and Provision of Information to Deployers

Article 14: Human Oversight

Article 15: Accuracy, Robustness and Cybersecurity

Chapter 3: Obligations of Providers and Deployers of High-Risk AI Systems and Other Parties

Article 16: Obligations of Providers of High-Risk AI Systems

Article 17: Quality Management System

Article 18: Documentation Keeping

Article 20: Automatically Generated Logs

Article 21: Corrective Actions and Duty of Information

Article 23: Cooperation with Competent Authorities

Article 25: Authorised Representatives

Article 26: Obligations of Importers

Article 27: Obligations of Distributors

Article 28: Responsibilities Along the AI Value Chain

Article 29: Obligations of Deployers of High-Risk AI Systems

Chapter 4: Notifying Authorities and Notified Bodies

Article 30: Notifying Authorities

Article 31: Application of a Conformity Assessment Body for Notification

Article 32: Notification Procedure

Article 33: Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 33a: Presumption of Conformity with Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 34: Subsidiaries of and Subcontracting by Notified Bodies

Article 34a: Operational Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 35: Identification Numbers and Lists of Notified Bodies Designated Under this Regulation

Article 36: Changes to Notifications

Article 37: Challenge to the Competence of Notified Bodies

Article 38: Coordination of Notified Bodies

Article 39: Conformity Assessment Bodies of Third Countries

Chapter 5: Standards, Conformity Assessment, Certificates, Registration

Article 40: Harmonised Standards and Standardisation Deliverables

Article 41: Common Specifications

Article 42: Presumption of Conformity with Certain Requirements

Article 43: Conformity Assessment

Article 44: Certificates

Article 46: Information Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 47: Derogation from Conformity Assessment Procedure

Article 48: EU Declaration of Conformity

Article 49: CE Marking of Conformity

Article 51: Registration

Chapter 1: Post-Market Monitoring

Article 61: Post-Market Monitoring by Providers and Post-Market Monitoring Plan for High-Risk AI Systems

Chapter 2: Sharing of Information on Serious Incidents

Article 62: Reporting of Serious Incidents

Chapter 3: Enforcement

Article 63: Market Surveillance and Control of AI Systems in the Union Market

Article 63a: Mutual Assistance, Market Surveillance and Control of General Purpose AI Systems

Article 63b: Supervision of Testing in Real World Conditions by Market Surveillance Authorities

Article 64: Powers of Authorities Protecting Fundamental Rights

Article 65: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Presenting a Risk at National Level

Article 65a: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Classified by the Provider as a Not High-Risk in Application of Annex III

Article 66: Union Safeguard Procedure

Article 67: Compliant AI Systems Which Present a Risk

Article 68: Formal Non-Compliance

Article 68a: EU AI Testing Support Structures in the Area of Artificial Intelligence

Chapter 3b: Remedies

Article 68a(1): Right to Lodge a Complaint with a Market Surveillance Authority

Article 68c: A Right to Explanation of Individual Decision-Making

Article 68d: Amendment to Directive (EU) 2020/1828

Article 68e: Reporting of Breaches and Protection of Reporting Persons

Chapter 3c: Supervision, Investigation, Enforcement and Monitoring in Respect of Providers of General Purpose AI Models

Article 68f: Enforcement of Obligations on Providers of General Purpose AI Models

Article 68g : Monitoring Actions

Article 68h: Alerts of Systemic Risks by the Scientific Panel

Article 68i: Power to Request Documentation and Information

Article 68j: Power to Conduct Evaluations

Article 68k: Power to Request Measures

Article 68m: Procedural Rights of Economic Operators of the General Purpose AI Model

Recital 37

Another area in which the use of AI systems deserves special consideration is the access to and enjoyment of certain essential private and public services and benefits necessary for people to fully participate in society or to improve one’s standard of living. In particular, natural persons applying for or receiving essential public assistance benefits and services from public authorities namely healthcare services, social security benefits, social services providing protection in cases such as maternity, illness, industrial accidents, dependency or old age and loss of employment and social and housing assistance, are typically dependent on those benefits and services and in a vulnerable position in relation to the responsible authorities. If AI systems are used for determining whether such benefits and services should be granted, denied, reduced, revoked or reclaimed by authorities, including whether beneficiaries are legitimately entitled to such benefits or services, those systems may have a significant impact on persons’ livelihood and may infringe their fundamental rights, such as the right to social protection, non-discrimination, human dignity or an effective remedy and should therefore be classified as high-risk. Nonetheless, this Regulation should not hamper the development and use of innovative approaches in the public administration, which would stand to benefit from a wider use of compliant and safe AI systems, provided that those systems do not entail a high risk to legal and natural persons. In addition, AI systems used to evaluate the credit score or creditworthiness of natural persons should be classified as high-risk AI systems, since they determine those persons’ access to financial resources or essential services such as housing, electricity, and telecommunication services. AI systems used for this purpose may lead to discrimination of persons or groups and perpetuate historical patterns of discrimination, for example based on racial or ethnic origins, gender, disabilities, age, sexual orientation, or create new forms of discriminatory impacts. However, AI systems provided for by Union law for the purpose of detecting fraud in the offering of financial services and for prudential purposes to calculate credit institutions’ and insurances undertakings’ capital requirements should not be considered as high-risk under this Regulation. Moreover, AI systems intended to be used for risk assessment and pricing in relation to natural persons for health and life insurance can also have a significant impact on persons’ livelihood and if not duly designed, developed and used, can infringe their fundamental rights and can lead to serious consequences for people’s life and health, including financial exclusion and discrimination. Finally, AI systems used to evaluate and classify emergency calls by natural persons or to dispatch or establish priority in the dispatching of emergency first response services, including by police, firefighters and medical aid, as well as of emergency healthcare patient triage systems, should also be classified as high-risk since they make decisions in very critical situations for the life and health of persons and their property.