Table of contents

Chapter 1: Classification of AI Systems as High-Risk

Article 6: Classification Rules for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 7: Amendments to Annex III

Chapter 2: Requirements for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 8: Compliance with the Requirements

Article 9: Risk Management System

Article 10: Data and Data Governance

Article 11: Technical Documentation

Article 12: Record-Keeping

Article 13: Transparency and Provision of Information to Deployers

Article 14: Human Oversight

Article 15: Accuracy, Robustness and Cybersecurity

Chapter 3: Obligations of Providers and Deployers of High-Risk AI Systems and Other Parties

Article 16: Obligations of Providers of High-Risk AI Systems

Article 17: Quality Management System

Article 18: Documentation Keeping

Article 20: Automatically Generated Logs

Article 21: Corrective Actions and Duty of Information

Article 23: Cooperation with Competent Authorities

Article 25: Authorised Representatives

Article 26: Obligations of Importers

Article 27: Obligations of Distributors

Article 28: Responsibilities Along the AI Value Chain

Article 29: Obligations of Deployers of High-Risk AI Systems

Chapter 4: Notifying Authorities and Notified Bodies

Article 30: Notifying Authorities

Article 31: Application of a Conformity Assessment Body for Notification

Article 32: Notification Procedure

Article 33: Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 33a: Presumption of Conformity with Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 34: Subsidiaries of and Subcontracting by Notified Bodies

Article 34a: Operational Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 35: Identification Numbers and Lists of Notified Bodies Designated Under this Regulation

Article 36: Changes to Notifications

Article 37: Challenge to the Competence of Notified Bodies

Article 38: Coordination of Notified Bodies

Article 39: Conformity Assessment Bodies of Third Countries

Chapter 5: Standards, Conformity Assessment, Certificates, Registration

Article 40: Harmonised Standards and Standardisation Deliverables

Article 41: Common Specifications

Article 42: Presumption of Conformity with Certain Requirements

Article 43: Conformity Assessment

Article 44: Certificates

Article 46: Information Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 47: Derogation from Conformity Assessment Procedure

Article 48: EU Declaration of Conformity

Article 49: CE Marking of Conformity

Article 51: Registration

Chapter 1: Post-Market Monitoring

Article 61: Post-Market Monitoring by Providers and Post-Market Monitoring Plan for High-Risk AI Systems

Chapter 2: Sharing of Information on Serious Incidents

Article 62: Reporting of Serious Incidents

Chapter 3: Enforcement

Article 63: Market Surveillance and Control of AI Systems in the Union Market

Article 63a: Mutual Assistance, Market Surveillance and Control of General Purpose AI Systems

Article 63b: Supervision of Testing in Real World Conditions by Market Surveillance Authorities

Article 64: Powers of Authorities Protecting Fundamental Rights

Article 65: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Presenting a Risk at National Level

Article 65a: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Classified by the Provider as a Not High-Risk in Application of Annex III

Article 66: Union Safeguard Procedure

Article 67: Compliant AI Systems Which Present a Risk

Article 68: Formal Non-Compliance

Article 68a: EU AI Testing Support Structures in the Area of Artificial Intelligence

Chapter 3b: Remedies

Article 68a(1): Right to Lodge a Complaint with a Market Surveillance Authority

Article 68c: A Right to Explanation of Individual Decision-Making

Article 68d: Amendment to Directive (EU) 2020/1828

Article 68e: Reporting of Breaches and Protection of Reporting Persons

Chapter 3c: Supervision, Investigation, Enforcement and Monitoring in Respect of Providers of General Purpose AI Models

Article 68f: Enforcement of Obligations on Providers of General Purpose AI Models

Article 68g : Monitoring Actions

Article 68h: Alerts of Systemic Risks by the Scientific Panel

Article 68i: Power to Request Documentation and Information

Article 68j: Power to Conduct Evaluations

Article 68k: Power to Request Measures

Article 68m: Procedural Rights of Economic Operators of the General Purpose AI Model

Article 7: Amendments to Annex III

1. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 73 to amend Annex III by adding or modifying use cases of high-risk AI systems where both of the following conditions are fulfilled:

(a) the AI systems are intended to be used in any of the areas listed in points 1 to 8 of Annex III;

(b) the AI systems pose a risk of harm to health and safety, or an adverse impact on fundamental rights, and that risk is equivalent to or greater than the risk of harm or of adverse impact posed by the high-risk AI systems already referred to in Annex III.

2. When assessing for the purposes of paragraph 1 whether an AI system poses a risk of harm to the health and safety or a risk of adverse impact on fundamental rights that is equivalent to or greater than the risk of harm posed by the high-risk AI systems already referred to in Annex III, the Commission shall take into account the following criteria:

(a) the intended purpose of the AI system;

(b) the extent to which an AI system has been used or is likely to be used;

(ba) the nature and amount of the data processed and used by the AI system, in particular whether special categories of personal data are processed;

(bb) the extent to which the AI system acts autonomously and the possibility for a human to override a decision or recommendations that may lead to potential harm;

(c) the extent to which the use of an AI system has already caused harm to health and safety, has had an adverse impact on fundamental rights or has given rise to significant concerns in relation to the likelihood of such harm or adverse impact, as demonstrated for example by reports or documented allegations submitted to national competent authorities or by other reports, as appropriate;

(d) the potential extent of such harm or such adverse impact, in particular in terms of its intensity and its ability to affect a plurality of persons or to disproportionately affect a particular group of persons;

(e) the extent to which potentially harmed or adversely impacted persons are dependent on the outcome produced with an AI system, in particular because for practical or legal reasons it is not reasonably possible to opt-out from that outcome;

(f) the extent to which there is an imbalance of power, or the potentially harmed or adversely impacted persons are in a vulnerable position in relation to the user of an AI system, in particular due to status, authority, knowledge, economic or social circumstances, or age;

(g) the extent to which the outcome produced involving an AI system is easily corrigible or reversible, taking into account the technical solutions available to correct or reverse, whereby outcomes having and adverse impact on health, safety, fundamental rights, shall not be considered as easily corrigible or reversible;

(gb) the magnitude and likelihood of benefit of the deployment of the AI system for individuals, groups, or society at large, including possible improvements in product safety;

(h) the extent to which existing Union legislation provides for:

(i) effective measures of redress in relation to the risks posed by an AI system, with the exclusion of claims for damages;

(ii) effective measures to prevent or substantially minimise those risks.

2a. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 73 to amend the list in Annex III by removing high-risk AI systems where both of the following conditions are fulfilled:

(a) the high-risk AI system(s) concerned no longer pose any significant risks to fundamental rights, health or safety, taking into account the criteria listed in paragraph 2;

(b) the deletion does not decrease the overall level of protection of health, safety and fundamental rights under Union law.