1. Providers of high-risk AI systems placed on the Union market shall report any serious incident to the market surveillance authorities of the Member States where that incident occurred.
1a. As a general rule, the period for the reporting referred to in paragraph 1 shall take account of the severity of the serious incident.
1b. The notification referred to in paragraph 1 shall be made immediately after the provider has established a causal link between the AI system and the serious incident or the reasonable likelihood of such a link, and, in any event, not later than 15 days after the provider or, where applicable, the deployer, becomes aware of the serious incident.
1c. Notwithstanding paragraph 1b, in the event of a widespread infringement or a serious incident as defined in Article 3(44) point (b) the report referred to in paragraph 1 shall be provided immediately, and not later than 2 days after the provider or, where applicable, the deployer becomes aware of that incident.
1d. Notwithstanding paragraph 1b, in the event of death of a person the report shall be provided immediately after the provider or the deployer has established or as soon as it suspects a causal relationship between the high-risk AI system and the serious incident but not later than 10 days after the date on which the provider or, where applicable, the deployer becomes aware of the serious incident.
1e. Where necessary to ensure timely reporting, the provider or, where applicable, the deployer, may submit an initial report that is incomplete followed up by a complete report.
1a. Following the reporting of a serious incident pursuant to the first subparagraph, the provider shall, without delay, perform the necessary investigations in relation to the serious incident and the AI system concerned. This shall include a risk assessment of the incident and corrective action. The provider shall co-operate with the competent authorities and where relevant with the notified body concerned during the investigations referred to in the first subparagraph and shall not perform any investigation which involves altering the AI system concerned in a way which may affect any subsequent evaluation of the causes of the incident, prior to informing the competent authorities of such action.
2. Upon receiving a notification related to a serious incident referred to in Article 3(44)(c), the relevant market surveillance authority shall inform the national public authorities or bodies referred to in Article 64(3). The Commission shall develop dedicated guidance to facilitate compliance with the obligations set out in paragraph 1. That guidance shall be issued 12 months after the entry into force of this Regulation, at the latest, and shall be assessed regularly.
2a. The market surveillance authority shall take appropriate measures, as provided in Article 19 of the Regulation 2019/1020, within 7 days from the date it received the notification referred to in paragraph 1 and follow the notification procedures as provided in the Regulation 2019/1020.
3. For high-risk AI systems referred to in Annex III that are placed on the market or put into service by providers that are subject to Union legislative instruments laying down reporting obligations equivalent to those set out in this Regulation, the notification of serious incidents shall be limited to those referred to in Article 3(44)(c).
3a. For high-risk AI systems which are safety components of devices, or are themselves devices, covered by Regulation (EU) 2017/745 and Regulation (EU) 2017/746 the notification of serious incidents shall be limited to those referred to in Article 3(44)(c) and be made to the national competent authority chosen for this purpose by the Member States where that incident occurred.
3a. National competent authorities shall immediately notify the Commission of any serious incident, whether or not it has taken action on it, in accordance with Article 20 of Regulation 2019/1020.