1. The Commission is empowered to adopt, after consulting the Advisory Forum referred to in Article 58, implementing acts in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 74(2) establishing common specifications for the requirements set out in Chapter 2 of this Title or, as applicable, with requirements set out in Article [GPAI Chapter], for AI systems within the scope of this Regulation, where the following conditions have been fulfilled:
(a) the Commission has requested, pursuant to Article 10(1) of Regulation 1025/2012, one or more European standardisation organisations to draft a harmonised standard for the requirements set out in Chapter 2 of this Title; and
(i) the request has not been accepted by any of the European standardisation organisations; or
(ii) the harmonised standards addressing that request are not delivered within the deadline set in accordance with Article 10(1) of Regulation 1025/2012; or
(iii) the relevant harmonised standards insufficiently address fundamental rights concerns; or
(iv) the harmonised standards do not comply with the request; and
(b) no reference to harmonised standards covering the requirements referred to in Chapter II of this Title has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union, in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012, and no such reference is expected to be published within a reasonable period.
1a. Before preparing a draft implementing act, the Commission shall inform the committee referred to in Article 22 of Regulation EU (No) 1025/2012 that it considers that the conditions in paragraph 1 are fulfilled.
3. High-risk AI systems which are in conformity with the common specifications referred to in paragraph 1, or parts thereof, shall be presumed to be in conformity with the requirements set out in Chapter 2 of this Title, to the extent those common specifications cover those requirements.
3a. Where a harmonised standard is adopted by a European standardisation organisation and proposed to the Commission for the publication of its reference in the Official Journal of the European Union, the Commission shall assess the harmonised standard in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012. When reference of a harmonised standard is published in the Official Journal of the European Union, the Commission shall repeal acts referred to in paragraph 1 and 1b, or parts thereof which cover the same requirements set out in Chapter 2 of this Title.
4. Where providers of high-risk AI systems do not comply with the common specifications referred to in paragraph 1, they shall duly justify that they have adopted technical solutions that meet the requirements referred to in Chapter II to a level at least equivalent thereto.
4b. When a Member State considers that a common specification does not entirely satisfy the requirements set out in Chapter 2 of this Title, it shall inform the Commission thereof with a detailed explanation and the Commission shall assess that information and, if appropriate, amend the implementing act establishing the common specification in question.