2. Each Member State shall establish or designate at least one notifying authority and at least one market surveillance authority for the purpose of this Regulation as national competent authorities. These national competent authorities shall exercise their powers independently, impartially and without bias so as to safeguard the principles of objectivity of their activities and tasks and to ensure the application and implementation of this Regulation. The members of these authorities shall refrain from any action incompatible with their duties. Provided that those principles are respected, such activities and tasks may be performed by one or several designated authorities, in accordance with the organisational needs of the Member State.
3. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the identity of the notifying authorities and the market surveillance authorities and the tasks of those authorities and as well as any subsequent changes thereto. Member States shall make publicly available information on how competent authorities and single point of contact can be contacted, through electronic communication means by… [12 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation]. Member States shall designate a market surveillance authority to act as single point of contact for this Regulation and notify the Commission of the identity of the single point of contact. The Commission shall make a list of the single points of contact publicly available.
4. Member States shall ensure that the national competent authority is provided with adequate technical, financial and human resources, and infrastructure to fulfil their tasks effectively under this Regulation. In particular, the national competent authority shall have a sufficient number of personnel permanently available whose competences and expertise shall include an in-depth understanding of artificial intelligence technologies, data and data computing, personal data protection, cybersecurity, fundamental rights, health and safety risks and knowledge of existing standards and legal requirements. Member States shall assess and, if deemed necessary, update competence and resource requirements referred to in this paragraph on an annual basis.
4a. National competent authorities shall satisfy an adequate level of cybersecurity measures.
4c. When performing their tasks, the national competent authorities shall act in compliance with the confidentiality obligations set out in Article 70.
5. By one year after entry into force of this Regulation and once every two years thereafter Member States shall report to the Commission on the status of the financial and human resources of the national competent authorities with an assessment of their adequacy. The Commission shall transmit that information to the Board for discussion and possible recommendations.
6. The Commission shall facilitate the exchange of experience between national competent authorities.
7. National competent authorities may provide guidance and advice on the implementation of this Regulation, in particular to SMEs including start-ups, taking into account the Board’s and the Commission’s guidance and advice, as appropriate. Whenever national competent authorities intend to provide guidance and advice with regard to an AI system in areas covered by other Union legislation, the competent national authorities under that Union legislation shall be consulted, as appropriate.
8. When Union institutions, agencies and bodies fall within the scope of this Regulation, the European Data Protection Supervisor shall act as the competent authority for their supervision.