Table of contents

Chapter 1: Classification of AI Systems as High-Risk

Article 6: Classification Rules for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 7: Amendments to Annex III

Chapter 2: Requirements for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 8: Compliance with the Requirements

Article 9: Risk Management System

Article 10: Data and Data Governance

Article 11: Technical Documentation

Article 12: Record-Keeping

Article 13: Transparency and Provision of Information to Deployers

Article 14: Human Oversight

Article 15: Accuracy, Robustness and Cybersecurity

Chapter 3: Obligations of Providers and Deployers of High-Risk AI Systems and Other Parties

Article 16: Obligations of Providers of High-Risk AI Systems

Article 17: Quality Management System

Article 18: Documentation Keeping

Article 20: Automatically Generated Logs

Article 21: Corrective Actions and Duty of Information

Article 23: Cooperation with Competent Authorities

Article 25: Authorised Representatives

Article 26: Obligations of Importers

Article 27: Obligations of Distributors

Article 28: Responsibilities Along the AI Value Chain

Article 29: Obligations of Deployers of High-Risk AI Systems

Chapter 4: Notifying Authorities and Notified Bodies

Article 30: Notifying Authorities

Article 31: Application of a Conformity Assessment Body for Notification

Article 32: Notification Procedure

Article 33: Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 33a: Presumption of Conformity with Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 34: Subsidiaries of and Subcontracting by Notified Bodies

Article 34a: Operational Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 35: Identification Numbers and Lists of Notified Bodies Designated Under this Regulation

Article 36: Changes to Notifications

Article 37: Challenge to the Competence of Notified Bodies

Article 38: Coordination of Notified Bodies

Article 39: Conformity Assessment Bodies of Third Countries

Chapter 5: Standards, Conformity Assessment, Certificates, Registration

Article 40: Harmonised Standards and Standardisation Deliverables

Article 41: Common Specifications

Article 42: Presumption of Conformity with Certain Requirements

Article 43: Conformity Assessment

Article 44: Certificates

Article 46: Information Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 47: Derogation from Conformity Assessment Procedure

Article 48: EU Declaration of Conformity

Article 49: CE Marking of Conformity

Article 51: Registration

Chapter 1: Post-Market Monitoring

Article 61: Post-Market Monitoring by Providers and Post-Market Monitoring Plan for High-Risk AI Systems

Chapter 2: Sharing of Information on Serious Incidents

Article 62: Reporting of Serious Incidents

Chapter 3: Enforcement

Article 63: Market Surveillance and Control of AI Systems in the Union Market

Article 63a: Mutual Assistance, Market Surveillance and Control of General Purpose AI Systems

Article 63b: Supervision of Testing in Real World Conditions by Market Surveillance Authorities

Article 64: Powers of Authorities Protecting Fundamental Rights

Article 65: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Presenting a Risk at National Level

Article 65a: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Classified by the Provider as a Not High-Risk in Application of Annex III

Article 66: Union Safeguard Procedure

Article 67: Compliant AI Systems Which Present a Risk

Article 68: Formal Non-Compliance

Article 68a: EU AI Testing Support Structures in the Area of Artificial Intelligence

Chapter 3b: Remedies

Article 68a(1): Right to Lodge a Complaint with a Market Surveillance Authority

Article 68c: A Right to Explanation of Individual Decision-Making

Article 68d: Amendment to Directive (EU) 2020/1828

Article 68e: Reporting of Breaches and Protection of Reporting Persons

Chapter 3c: Supervision, Investigation, Enforcement and Monitoring in Respect of Providers of General Purpose AI Models

Article 68f: Enforcement of Obligations on Providers of General Purpose AI Models

Article 68g : Monitoring Actions

Article 68h: Alerts of Systemic Risks by the Scientific Panel

Article 68i: Power to Request Documentation and Information

Article 68j: Power to Conduct Evaluations

Article 68k: Power to Request Measures

Article 68m: Procedural Rights of Economic Operators of the General Purpose AI Model

Article 70: Confidentiality

1. The Commission, market surveillance authorities and notified bodies and any other natural or legal person involved in the application of this Regulation shall, in accordance with Union or national law, respect the confidentiality of information and data obtained in carrying out their tasks and activities in such a manner as to protect, in particular:

(a) intellectual property rights, and confidential business information or trade secrets of a natural or legal person, including source code, except the cases referred to in Article 5 of Directive 2016/943 on the protection of undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure apply;

(b) the effective implementation of this Regulation, in particular for the purpose of inspections, investigations or audits;

(ba) public and national security interests;

(c) integrity of criminal or administrative proceedings;

(da) the integrity of information classified in accordance with Union or national law;


1a. The authorities involved in the application of this Regulation pursuant to paragraph 1 shall only request data that is strictly necessary for the assessment of the risk posed by the AI system and for the exercise of their powers in compliance with this Regulation and Regulation 2019/1020. They shall put in place adequate and effective cybersecurity measures to protect the security and confidentiality of the information and data obtained and shall delete the data collected as soon as it is no longer needed for the purpose it was requested for, in accordance with applicable national or European legislation.

2. Without prejudice to paragraph 1 and 1a, information exchanged on a confidential basis between the national competent authorities and between national competent authorities and the Commission shall not be disclosed without the prior consultation of the originating national competent authority and the deployer when high-risk AI systems referred to in points 1, 6 and 7 of Annex III are used by law enforcement, border control, immigration or asylum authorities, when such disclosure would jeopardise public and national security interests. This exchange of information shall not cover sensitive operational data in relation to the activities of law enforcement, border control, immigration or asylum authorities. When the law enforcement, immigration or asylum authorities are providers of high-risk AI systems referred to in points 1, 6 and 7 of Annex III, the technical documentation referred to in Annex IV shall remain within the premises of those authorities. Those authorities shall ensure that the market surveillance authorities referred to in Article 63(5) and (6), as applicable, can, upon request, immediately access the documentation or obtain a copy thereof. Only staff of the market surveillance authority holding the appropriate level of security clearance shall be allowed to access that documentation or any copy thereof.

3. Paragraphs 1, [1a] and 2 shall not affect the rights and obligations of the Commission, Member States and their relevant authorities, as well as notified bodies, with regard to the exchange of information and the dissemination of warnings, including in the context of cross-border cooperation, nor the obligations of the parties concerned to provide information under criminal law of the Member States.

4. The Commission and Member States may exchange, where necessary and in accordance with relevant provisions of international and trade agreements, confidential information with regulatory authorities of third countries with which they have concluded bilateral or multilateral confidentiality arrangements guaranteeing an adequate level of confidentiality.