Table of contents

Section 1: Classification of AI Systems as High-Risk

Article 6: Classification Rules for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 7: Amendments to Annex III

Section 2: Requirements for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 8: Compliance with the Requirements

Article 9: Risk Management System

Article 10: Data and Data Governance

Article 11: Technical Documentation

Article 12: Record-Keeping

Article 13: Transparency and Provision of Information to Deployers

Article 14: Human Oversight

Article 15: Accuracy, Robustness and Cybersecurity

Section 3: Obligations of Providers and Deployers of High-Risk AI Systems and Other Parties

Article 16: Obligations of Providers of High-Risk AI Systems

Article 17: Quality Management System

Article 18: Documentation Keeping

Article 19: Automatically Generated Logs

Article 20: Corrective Actions and Duty of Information

Article 21: Cooperation with Competent Authorities

Article 22: Authorised Representatives of providers of high-risk AI systems

Article 23: Obligations of Importers

Article 24: Obligations of Distributors

Article 25: Responsibilities Along the AI Value Chain

Article 26: Obligations of Deployers of High-Risk AI Systems

Article 27: Fundamental Rights Impact Assessment for High-Risk AI Systems

Section 4: Notifying Authorities and Notified Bodies

Article 28: Notifying Authorities

Article 29: Application of a Conformity Assessment Body for Notification

Article 30: Notification Procedure

Article 31: Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 32: Presumption of Conformity with Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 33: Subsidiaries of and Subcontracting by Notified Bodies

Article 34: Operational Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 35: Identification Numbers and Lists of Notified Bodies Designated Under this Regulation

Article 36: Changes to Notifications

Article 37: Challenge to the Competence of Notified Bodies

Article 38: Coordination of Notified Bodies

Article 39: Conformity Assessment Bodies of Third Countries

Section 5: Standards, Conformity Assessment, Certificates, Registration

Article 40: Harmonised Standards and Standardisation Deliverables

Article 41: Common Specifications

Article 42: Presumption of Conformity with Certain Requirements

Article 43: Conformity Assessment

Article 44: Certificates

Article 45: Information Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 46: Derogation from Conformity Assessment Procedure

Article 47: EU Declaration of Conformity

Article 48: CE Marking

Article 49: Registration

Section 1: Post-Market Monitoring

Article 72: Post-Market Monitoring by Providers and Post-Market Monitoring Plan for High-Risk AI Systems

Section 2: Sharing of Information on Serious Incidents

Article 73: Reporting of Serious Incidents

Section 3: Enforcement

Article 74: Market Surveillance and Control of AI Systems in the Union Market

Article 75: Mutual Assistance, Market Surveillance and Control of General Purpose AI Systems

Article 76: Supervision of Testing in Real World Conditions by Market Surveillance Authorities

Article 77: Powers of Authorities Protecting Fundamental Rights

Article 78: Confidentiality

Article 79: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Presenting a Risk at National Level

Article 80: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Classified by the Provider as a Not High-Risk in Application of Annex III

Article 81: Union Safeguard Procedure

Article 82: Compliant AI Systems Which Present a Risk

Article 83: Formal Non-Compliance

Article 84: Union AI Testing Support Structures

Section 4: Remedies

Article 85: Right to Lodge a Complaint with a Market Surveillance Authority

Article 86: A Right to Explanation of Individual Decision-Making

Article 87: Reporting of Breaches and Protection of Reporting Persons

Section 5: Supervision, Investigation, Enforcement and Monitoring in Respect of Providers of General Purpose AI Models

Article 88: Enforcement of Obligations on Providers of General Purpose AI Models

Article 89 : Monitoring Actions

Article 90: Alerts of Systemic Risks by the Scientific Panel

Article 91: Power to Request Documentation and Information

Article 92: Power to Conduct Evaluations

Article 93: Power to Request Measures

Article 94: Procedural Rights of Economic Operators of the General Purpose AI Model

Annexes

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Article 66: Tasks of the Board

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The Board shall advise and assist the Commission and the Member States in order to facilitate the consistent and effective application of this Regulation. For this purpose the Board may in particular:

(a) contribute to the coordination among national competent authorities responsible for the application of this Regulation and, in cooperation and subject to agreement of the concerned market surveillance authorities, support joint activities of market surveillance authorities referred to in Article 74(7a);

(b) collect and share technical and regulatory expertise and best practices among Member States;

(c) provide advice in the implementation of this Regulation, in particular as regards the enforcement of rules on general purpose AI models;

(d) contribute to the harmonisation of administrative practices in the Member States, including in relation to the derogation from the conformity assessment procedures referred to in Article 46, the functioning of regulatory sandboxes and testing in real world conditions referred to in Article 57, 54 and 54a;

(e) upon the request of the Commission or on its own initiative, issue recommendations and written opinions on any relevant matters related to the implementation of this Regulation and to its consistent and effective application, including:

(i) on the development and application of codes of conduct and code of practice pursuant to this Regulation as well as the Commission’s guidelines;

(ii) the evaluation and review of this Regulation pursuant to Article 112, including as regards the serious incident reports referred to in Article 73 and the functioning of the database referred to in Article 71, the preparation of the delegated or implementing acts, and possible alignments of this Regulation with the legal acts listed in Annex I;

(iii) on technical specifications or existing standards regarding the requirements set out in Chapter III, Section 2;

(iv) on the use of harmonised standards or common specifications referred to in Articles 40 and 41;

(v) trends, such as European global competitiveness in artificial intelligence, the uptake of artificial intelligence in the Union and the development of digital skills; (via) trends on the evolving typology of AI value chains, in particular on the resulting implications in terms of accountability;

(vi) on the potential need for amendment of Annex III in accordance with Article 7 and on the potential need for possible revision of Article 5 pursuant to Article 112, taking into account relevant available evidence and the latest developments in technology;

(f) support the Commission in promoting AI literacy, public awareness and understanding of the benefits, risks, safeguards and rights and obligations in relation to the use of AI systems;

(g) facilitate the development of common criteria and a shared understanding among market operators and competent authorities of the relevant concepts provided for in this Regulation, including by contributing to the development of benchmarks;

(h) cooperate, as appropriate, with other Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies, as well as relevant Union expert groups and networks in particular in the fields of product safety, cybersecurity, competition, digital and media services, financial services, consumer protection, data and fundamental rights protection;

(i) contribute to the effective cooperation with the competent authorities of third countries and with international organisations;

(j) assist national competent authorities and the Commission, in developing the organisational and technical expertise required for the implementation of this Regulation, including by contributing to the assessment of training needs for staff of Member States involved in implementing this Regulation;

(j1) assist the AI Office in supporting national competent authorities in the establishment and development of regulatory sandboxes and facilitate cooperation and information-sharing among regulatory sandboxes;

(k) contribute and provide relevant advice in the development of guidance documents;

(l) advise the Commission in relation to international matters on artificial intelligence;

(m) provide opinions to the Commission on the qualified alerts regarding general purpose AI models;

(n) receive opinions by the Member states on the qualified alerts regarding general purpose AI models and on national experiences and practices on the monitoring and enforcement of the AI systems, in particular systems integrating the general purpose AI models.

The text used in this tool is the ‘Artificial Intelligence Act, Text of the provisional agreement, 2 February 2024’, which was officially announced in this press release. Interinstitutional File: 2021/0106(COD)

Where new Articles have been added in later versions, and important fixes have been made, these changes have been replicated in the AI Act Explorer too. Also, in the 'Texts Adopted' from March 2024, many items were re-named or re-numbered, and items in the AI Act Explorer were updated accordingly. This means the content on our site no longer matches exactly with any official AI Act draft – it is a hybrid of multiple drafts. If you find an important update in a later draft that has not been updated in our tool, please let us know.

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