Table of contents

Article 6: Classification Rules for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 7: Amendments to Annex III

Article 8: Compliance with the Requirements

Article 9: Risk Management System

Article 10: Data and Data Governance

Article 11: Technical Documentation

Article 12: Record-Keeping

Article 13: Transparency and Provision of Information to Deployers

Article 14: Human Oversight

Article 15: Accuracy, Robustness and Cybersecurity

Article 16: Obligations of Providers of High-Risk AI Systems

Article 17: Quality Management System

Article 18: Documentation Keeping

Article 19: deleted

Article 20: Automatically Generated Logs

Article 21: Corrective Actions and Duty of Information

Article 22: deleted

Article 23: Cooperation with Competent Authorities

Article 25: Authorised Representatives

Article 26: Obligations of Importers

Article 27: Obligations of Distributors

Article 28: Responsibilities Along the AI Value Chain

Article 29: Obligations of Deployers of High-Risk AI Systems

Article 29a: Fundamental Rights Impact Assessment for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 30: Notifying Authorities

Article 31: Application of a Conformity Assessment Body for Notification

Article 32: Notification Procedure

Article 33: Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 33a: Presumption of Conformity with Requirements Relating to Notified Bodies

Article 34: Subsidiaries of and Subcontracting by Notified Bodies

Article 34a: Operational Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 35: Identification Numbers and Lists of Notified Bodies Designated Under this Regulation

Article 36: Changes to Notifications

Article 37: Challenge to the Competence of Notified Bodies

Article 38: Coordination of Notified Bodies

Article 39: Conformity Assessment Bodies of Third Countries

Article 40: Harmonised Standards and Standardisation Deliverables

Article 41: Common Specifications

Article 42: Presumption of Conformity with Certain Requirements

Article 43: Conformity Assessment

Article 44: Certificates

Article 46: Information Obligations of Notified Bodies

Article 47: Derogation from Conformity Assessment Procedure

Article 48: EU Declaration of Conformity

Article 49: CE Marking of Conformity

Article 50: Moved to Article 18

Article 51: Registration

Article 61: Post-Market Monitoring by Providers and Post-Market Monitoring Plan for High-Risk AI Systems

Article 62: Reporting of Serious Incidents

Article 63: Market Surveillance and Control of AI Systems in the Union Market

Article 63a: Mutual Assistance, Market Surveillance and Control of General Purpose AI Systems

Article 63b: Supervision of Testing in Real World Conditions by Market Surveillance Authorities

Article 64: Powers of Authorities Protecting Fundamental Rights

Article 65: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Presenting a Risk at National Level

Article 65a: Procedure for Dealing with AI Systems Classified by the Provider as a Not High-Risk in Application of Annex III

Article 66: Union Safeguard Procedure

Article 67: Compliant AI Systems Which Present a Risk

Article 68: Formal Non-Compliance

Article 68a: EU AI Testing Support Structures in the Area of Artificial Intelligence

Article 68a(1): Right to Lodge a Complaint with a Market Surveillance Authority

Article 68c: A Right to Explanation of Individual Decision-Making

Article 68d: Amendment to Directive (EU) 2020/1828

Article 68e: Reporting of Breaches and Protection of Reporting Persons

Article 68f: Enforcement of Obligations on Providers of General Purpose AI Models

Article 68g : Monitoring Actions

Article 68h: Alerts of Systemic Risks by the Scientific Panel

Article 68i: Power to Request Documentation and Information

Article 68j: Power to Conduct Evaluations

Article 68k: Power to Request Measures

Article 68m: Procedural Rights of Economic Operators of the General Purpose AI Model

Recital 60a

The notion of general-purpose AI models should be clearly defined and set apart from the notion of AI systems to enable legal certainty. The definition should be based on the key functional characteristics of a general-purpose AI model, in particular the generality and the capability to competently perform a wide range of distinct tasks. These models are typically trained on large amounts of data, through various methods, such as selfsupervised, unsupervised or reinforcement learning. General-purpose AI models may be placed on the market in various ways, including through libraries, application programming interfaces (APIs), as direct download, or as physical copy. These models may be further modified or fine-tuned into new models. Although AI models are essential components of AI systems, they do not constitute AI systems on their own. AI models require the addition of further components, such as for example a user interface, to become AI systems. AI models are typically integrated into and form part of AI systems. This Regulation provides specific rules for general purpose AI models and for general purpose AI models that pose systemic risks, which should apply also when these models are integrated or form part of an AI system. It should be understood that the obligations for the providers of general-purpose AI models should apply once the general-purpose AI models are placed on the market. When the provider of a general-purpose AI model integrates an own model into its own AI system that is made available on the market or put into service, that model should be considered as being placed on the market and, therefore, the obligations in this Regulation for models should continue to apply in addition to those for AI systems. The obligations foreseen for models should in any case not apply when an own model is used for purely internal processes that are not essential for providing a product or a service to third parties and the rights of natural persons are not affected. Considering their potential significantly negative effects, the general-purpose AI models with systemic risk should always be subject to the relevant obligations under this Regulation. The definition should not cover AI models used before their placing on the market for the sole purpose of research, development and prototyping activities. This is without prejudice to the obligation to comply with this Regulation when, following such activities, a model is placed on the market.